The U.S. Embassy in Libya voiced concern on Thursday over the struggle for control of Libya’s oil corporation after its chairman was sacked by one of Libya’s two rival governments.
The embassy tweeted that U.S. officials are following the developments with “deep concern.” It added that The National Oil Corporation has preserved its political independence and worked effectively under Chairman Mustafa Sanalla, in a sign of U.S. support for him.
That came a day after the Tripoli-based government of Abdul Hamid Dbeibah announced Sanallah’s dismissal and the appointment of Farhat Bengdara, a former governor of Libya’s central bank as the country’s new oil chief. Dinah also announced the appointment of a four-member commission to oversee the handover. It came as Sanallah and his board were out of the office celebrating the Eid El Adha holidays.
Sanallah has refused to leave office, arguing in a televised speech that Dbeibah’s government lacked legitimacy.
“The reported replacement of the NOC board may be contested in court but must not become the subject of armed confrontation,” said the U.S. Embassy.
Earlier on Thursday, the NOC issued a statement saying that military vehicles belonging to a Dbeibah-allied militia have been stationed inside its premises. The NOC statement said it would hold Dbeibah responsible for any attempt to disrupt their work.
In a video circulated on social media, NOC staff appeared to rally at the entrance of the NOC building to prevent members of the Dbeibah-appointed commission from stepping in. However, later on, Dbeibah’s government announced that both the commission and the new oil chief had walked into the building and taken over.
The North African country has been wracked by conflict since the NATO-backed uprising-turned-civil war toppled and later killed longtime dictator Moammar Gadhafi in 2011. For many years, Libya has been divided between two administrations one in the east and another in the west, each backed by foreign governments and local militias.
The country’s prized light crude has long been a feature of Libya’s civil war, with rival militias and foreign powers jostling for control of Africa’s largest oil reserves.
In its statement, the U.S. embassy called on all parties to restore oil and gas production in order to address electricity shortages and for a “transparent” mechanism for the management and oversight of oil revenues.
In recent months, tribal leaders have shut down crucial oil facilities, including the country’s largest oil field in the south. The blockage was likely meant to deprive Dbeibah’s government of funds and empower his rival, Fathi Bashagha, who was appointed as prime minister by the east-based parliament in February.
The shutdown has exacerbated the country’s electricity shortages and sparked protests across the country, including one that resulted in the storming of the east-based parliamentary headquarters in Tobruk.
Libya’s lawmakers insist that Dbeibah’s mandate expired last year after his failure to hold general elections in December as dictated by an UN-brokered roadmap.
In recent months, the UN has sponsored several rounds of talks between the country’s two rival legislative bodies to agree on a constitutional mechanism to hold elections — without results.